Brachiaria mutica


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Brachiaria mutica (Forssk.) Stapf

lkšN│edIm

CaRbePTrukšCatiyUq˝aM duHvanwgdIy:agEvg manedImStolon KeRKImehIyRbEvgrhUteTAdl;5>0EmRt edImduHedknwgdImanerameRcIn nigTn; enAelIs°wkvamaneramduHlÁm TTwgs°wkrhUteTAdl; 20 m>m nig beN■ay 30 s>m. pßaecjCaKYrmanRbEvgBI 6-30 s>m manpßaesąksßHBI 5-20k˝˙gmYycegßampßa.

kareRbIR)as;

CaFmÁtaeKdaMvaenAk˝˙gmCĂdŠanEdlmankMBs;TwkeP°ˇgx<s; nig dIminsUveRcaHTwk. RtUv)aneKdaM CadMNaMcMNIstVsMrab;RcUteTAeGaystVsIu. vaRtUv)aneKRcUteFVICacMebIg CaTUeTAvaduHlUtlas;yWtenAEx R)aMg enAk˝˙gmCĂdŠanesImvaduHlUtlas;)anląRbesIr. enAk˝˙gtMbn;dIesImRtUv)aneKdaMduH sMrab;bMrugTuk eFVICacMNIRss;enAExR)aMg. Para grass ČesÁA)araMgŽGacduHlUtlas;)anyUrenAk˝˙gTwkCMerA 1>2 Em:Rt enAtMbn;RtUBic.

lkšN│eGkUL┌suI

lŻkšxŻNđdI

vaduHsmRsbeTAnwgRbePTdICaeRcInRbePT. smRsbeTAnwgdIminsUveRcaHTwkČdICaMTwkŽ )anlą enAk˝˙gtMbn;RtUBic nig sĹubRtUBicek■A b:uEn■vakżduHsmRsbpgEdrenAelIdIminCaMTwkenAk˝˙gmCĂdŠankMBs;Twk eP°ˇgx<s;.

sMeNIm

rukšCatiRbePTenHduHsmRsbenAk˝˙gtMbn;EdlmansMeNImBIx°aMgeTAsMeNImtic EdlmankMBs;Twk eP°ˇgRbcaMq˝aM 1/200-4/000 m>m. vakżduHlUtlas;pgEdrenAtMbn;dIesImEdlmanmCĂdŠansÂ▄t man kMBs;TwkeP°ˇgRbcaMq˝aM 900m>m b:uEn■vaminFn;eTAnwgGakasFaturaMgsÂ▄tGUsbn°ay. esÁA Para duHFn;)an yUreTAnwgkarlicTwkry│eBlEvg.

sItuN­PaB

karduHlUtlas;enArdUvek■A KWvaduHlUtlas;mankarkMNt;s▀itenAeRkamsIutuN­PaB 15 MC. vaFn; eTAnwgkMNkRtCak;. s°wkvanwggab;kalNamankMNkRtCak; b:uEn■vaduHlUtlas;eLIgvij.

Bn°W

Fn;RTaMlÁmeTAnwgm°b; b:uEn■vaduH)anląkalNamanBn°WÚfÂeBjelj.

karvivt■Únkarbn■BUC

RtUv)aneKraykarNżfa vaCaRbePTmanGayukalx°I Edlpßarbs;vaecjeRcInbMputenAk˝˙gmCĂdŠan esImEdlmanry│TTwgBI 10-20 M.

karElg[suI╝karRcUt

enAeBlEdlvaRCuHs°wkeRcIn RbePTesÁA Para enHGacRbQrmuxCamYynwgesÁAcÚRg duHRbECg ČesÁAs°wkFM kk; nig Sida spp.Ž. kMBs;rbs;valesÁAKYrrkSaeGay)ankMBs;x<s;Cag 20 s>m edIm,I karBarBBYkesÁAcÚRg. sem<aFÚnkarElgstVeGaysIukMritmFŘmKWvatMrUveGaykat;bn▀ynUkarkan;RKab; nigEfrkSanUvKuNPaBcMNIstVenAk˝˙gmCĂdŠanmYyEdlvaplit)anplx<s;.

lkšN│ekSRtsaRs■

kardaMduH

gaydaMedayedImk˝˙gCMerA 10-15s>m. kMNat;edImKYEtkat;RbEvgBI 20-30s>m Edlman f˝aMgcMnYnBI2-4 ya:gehacNas;RtUvmanf˝aMcMnYn2edayRtUvkb;edaydIesIm. kb;vaBIelIf˝aMg. RKab;BUC CaTUeTAlM)ak;rk.

RbePTBUCRtUvK˝a

sarHsMxan;Ep˝kcMNIst

tMÚlsarFatuciBaęwm

RbePTenHmantMÚlsarFatuciBaęwmx<s; sarFatusÂ▄tRsUbedaykarElgstV[suI GacRtUv)ankat; bn▀ycMNuHTwk. edImlUtlas;skmÁmansarFatuciBaęwmx<s; EdlRbUetGuIneqAmanBI14-20░ nigkar rlaysarFatusÂ▄tk˝˙gEkv65-80░ sMrab;karduHeBjelj. KuNPaBfuycuHeBlvacas;.

cMNUlcit■╝PaBGacsuI)an

s°wkvastVcUlcit■suIx°aMgehIykarElg[suI vasuIEbblkšN│eRCIserIs. edImsŮ┌L┌gcas;nigedImrbs;vastVminsUvcUlcit■suIeT b:uEn■suIenAeBlminmancMNIepSg▓eTot.

sk■anuBlplitkmÁ

sarFatusÂ▄t

sarFatusÂ▄tCaTUeTATin˝pl 5-12etan╝hicta╝q˝aM.

plitkmÁstV

s▀iteRkamlkšNđRbBŻnžFarasaRs■ rW dIesIm kMeNInmaDeKaRKavTTYl)ancen°aH 0>8nig1>0KIL┌ Rkam╝Úf s▀iteRkamGRtastVeRbI3k,al╝hicta.

plitkmÁRKab;BUC

Tin˝plRKab;BUCTab 10-30KIL┌Rkam╝hicta RbmUledayma:suInrWÚd.

cMnucx°aMg

Ě   duHelIdIvalPk;rWdIlicTwk

Ě   RTRTg;)anx<s;lÁmsMrab;plitkmÁstV

Ě   duHsayPayelOnBIedImsŮ┌L˙g

Ě   s°wkxęIstVcUlcit■suI

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Ě   minFn;nwgPaBraMgsÂ▄t

Ě   Fn;lÁmPaBRtCak;

Ě   minRtUvK˝aCamYyRbePTelh┴Im

Ě   sMbUesÁAcÚRgRbsinebIminElgstV[suI

bNĐalŻysaRs■

Mullen, B.F. and MacFarlane, D.C. (1998) The effect of band-seeding legumes into para grass (Brachiaria mutica ) on pasture production, sustainability and animal productivity in Vanuatu. Tropical Grasslands, 32, 34–40.

Schultze-Kraft, R. and Teitzel, J.K. (1992) Brachiaria mutica (Forssk.) Stapf. In: t’Mannetje, L. and Jones, R.M. (eds). Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 4. Forages. pp. 64–65. (Pudoc Scientific Publishers, Wageningen, the Netherlands).

Shiva Dhar, Gupta, S.D., Singh, A. and Arya, R.L. (2001) Performance of grasses with cutting management under seasonal waterlogged conditions. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 71, 698–700.

Tiwari, C.M., Tiwari, D.P. and Jain, R.K. (2001) Nutritional evaluation of para grass (Brachiaria mutica ) in goats. Cheiron, 30, 38–39.

Xavier, D.F., Carvalho, M.M. and Botrel, M.A. (2002) Characteristics and potentials of Brachiaria pastures for milk production. CaracterÝsticas e potencialidades de pastagens de braquiárias para produšŃo de leite. Documentos - Embrapa Gado de Leite (No. 87).

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